2000 - 2010

Photonics competes with electronics.

In principle, photons can transmit, manipulate, and store information more efficiently than electrons. Optical fibers are beginning to replace the copper wires that have been used for data transmission for more than a century. However, the all-optical computer, with photonic integrated circuits, is still in its infancy. When it matures, revolutionary new ways to make thinking machines will become possible.
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