1959 - 1962
Cosmic  


The first artificial objects reach other celestial bodies.

The first artificial objects reach other celestial bodies. In 1959 the Soviet space probe Luna 2 crashlands on the Moon and Luna 3 photographs its far side, never seen from Earth. In 1962 the U.S. probe Mariner 2 is launched on its voyage to Venus. (Left, color composite photo of the Moon, 1990.)
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